The gammarid amphipod Gammarus insensibilis frequently harbors adult individuals of the ectoparasitic nematode Gammarinema gammari as well as metacercariae of the trematode Microphallus papillorobustus. After the demonstration in a previous study of a negative relationship between the abundance of these 2 parasites, the nature of the relationship between these 2 parasites was explored in more detail by studying, in the field and in the laboratory, the influence of nematode abundance on trematode fecundity. In gammarids collected in the field, a negative relationship between metacercarial fecundity and the number of co-occurring nematodes was found. By manipulating the nematode abundance in the laboratory, it was confirmed that G. gammari has a negative effect on egg production in M. papillorobustus.
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