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1 June 2002 PHYLOGENETIC POSITION OF THE GIANT ANURAN TRYPANOSOMES TRYPANOSOMA CHATTONI, TRYPANOSOMA FALLISI, TRYPANOSOMA MEGA, TRYPANOSOMA NEVEULEMAIREI, AND TRYPANOSOMA RANARUM INFERREDFROM 18S rRNA GENE SEQUENCES
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Abstract
Phylogenetic relationships within the kinetoplastid flagellates were inferred from comparisons of small-subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences. These included 5 new gene sequences, Trypanosoma fallisi (2,239 bp), Trypanosoma chattoni (2,180 bp), Trypanosoma mega (2,211 bp), Trypanosoma neveulemairei (2,197 bp), and Trypanosoma ranarum (2,203 bp). Trees produced using maximum-parsimony and distance-matrix methods (least-squares, neighbor-joining, and maximum-likelihood), supported by strong bootstrap and quartet-puzzle analyses, indicated that the trypanosomes are a monophyletic group that divides into 2 major lineages, the salivarian trypanosomes and the nonsalivarian trypanosomes. The nonsalivarian trypanosomes further divide into 2 lineages, 1 containing trypanosomes of birds, mammals, and reptiles and the other containing trypanosomes of fish, reptiles, and anurans. Among the giant trypanosomes, T. chattoni is clearly shown to be distantly related to all the other anuran trypanosome species. Trypanosoma mega is closely associated with T. fallisi and T. ranarum, whereas T. neveulemairei and Trypanosoma rotatorium are sister taxa. The branching order of the anuran trypanosomes suggests that some toad trypanosomes may have evolved by host switching from frogs to toads.
Donald S. Martin, André-Denis G. Wright, John R. Barta and Sherwin S. Desser "PHYLOGENETIC POSITION OF THE GIANT ANURAN TRYPANOSOMES TRYPANOSOMA CHATTONI, TRYPANOSOMA FALLISI, TRYPANOSOMA MEGA, TRYPANOSOMA NEVEULEMAIREI, AND TRYPANOSOMA RANARUM INFERREDFROM 18S rRNA GENE SEQUENCES," Journal of Parasitology 88(3), (1 June 2002). https://doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2002)088[0566:PPOTGA]2.0.CO;2
Received: 27 October 2001; Accepted: 1 November 2001; Published: 1 June 2002
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