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1 October 2003 PATTERNS OF ASSOCIATION, NESTEDNESS, AND SPECIES CO-OCCURRENCE OF HELMINTH PARASITES IN THE GREATER KUDU, TRAGELAPHUS STREPSICEROS, IN THE KRUGER NATIONAL PARK, SOUTH AFRICA, AND THE ETOSHA NATIONAL PARK, NAMIBIA
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Abstract

The helminth parasites of the greater kudu from the Kruger National Park (KNP), South Africa, and the Etosha National Park (ENP), Namibia, were examined to determine the major patterns of spatial and demographic variation in community structure and to evaluate nonrandomness in parasite community assembly. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling ordination procedures were used to test for differences in parasite community composition between hosts of the 2 parks and between hosts of different demographic groups within KNP. Infracommunities within KNP were also examined for patterns of nonrandomness using 2 null models, i.e., nestedness and species co-occurrence. Infracommunities of KNP and ENP were significantly different from each other, as were infracommunities of different host demographic groups within KNP. Parasite species in the greater kudu from KNP displayed significant levels of nestedness and were found to co-occur less frequently than expected by chance; however, this lack of co-occurrence was significant only when all demographic groups were considered. When restricted to any particular age class, co-occurrence patterns could not be distinguished from random. Overall, these data suggest that biogeography and host demographics are important factors in determining community organization of helminth parasites in the greater kudu.

K. Joel Fellis, N. J. Negovetich, G. W. Esch, I. G. Horak, and J. Boomker "PATTERNS OF ASSOCIATION, NESTEDNESS, AND SPECIES CO-OCCURRENCE OF HELMINTH PARASITES IN THE GREATER KUDU, TRAGELAPHUS STREPSICEROS, IN THE KRUGER NATIONAL PARK, SOUTH AFRICA, AND THE ETOSHA NATIONAL PARK, NAMIBIA," Journal of Parasitology 89(5), (1 October 2003). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-3189
Received: 3 February 2003; Accepted: 1 June 2003; Published: 1 October 2003
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