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1 August 2004 KINETICS OF ECHINOSTOMA CAPRONI (TREMATODA: ECHINOSTOMATIDAE) ANTIGENS IN FECES AND SERUM OF EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED HAMSTERS AND RATS
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Abstract

This study reports on the kinetics of antibody production to Echinostoma caproni and the dynamics of antigens in feces and sera in 2 experimental hosts (hamsters and rats) that display different degrees of susceptibility with this echinostome. Echinostoma caproni produced chronic infections in hamsters, whereas rats lost the infection at 49–56 days postinfection (DPI). Hamsters developed higher antibody responses than rats, probably in relation to different intestinal absorptions of worm antigens in each host species. The levels of coproantigens were indicative of the course of infection in each host. Positive coproantigen levels were detected at 1–2 DPI in both hosts, and the values remained positive until the end of the experiment in hamsters; in rats, the coproantigen levels reverted to negative values, coinciding with the loss of infection. High levels of circulating antigens were detected in hamsters from 21 DPI to the end of the study. In contrast, low levels of E. caproni seroantigens were detected in rats only. These observations may reflect the differences in local inflammatory responses induced by E. caproni in each host species.

Rafael Toledo, Ana Espert, Carla Muñoz-Antoli, Antonio Marcilla, Bernard Fried, and J. Guillermo Esteban "KINETICS OF ECHINOSTOMA CAPRONI (TREMATODA: ECHINOSTOMATIDAE) ANTIGENS IN FECES AND SERUM OF EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED HAMSTERS AND RATS," Journal of Parasitology 90(4), 752-758, (1 August 2004). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-279R
Received: 11 November 2003; Accepted: 1 January 2004; Published: 1 August 2004
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