The objective of this study was to apply transition models to distinguish between factors associated with both incident and persistent trypanosome infections. Data collected from 1,561 cattle were analyzed from a long-term study involving 8 herds in which both trypanosome infections (a total of 56,931 cattle sampling-months) and tsetse (Glossina spp.) challenge were monitored monthly from March 1986 to March 1998. Both pour-on and insecticide-target tsetse control programs and mass treatment with diminazene aceturate before tsetse control were associated with significant decreases in both incidence and persistence of trypanosome infection relative to noncontrol periods, as were seasonal and sex effects. The magnitudes of the effects were, however, often different for new and persistent infections. For persistence of infection, there were 2 trends. In general, the duration of infection increased during the study, despite the regular treatment with diminazene aceturate. The transition model had 2 major benefits. The first was to identify an increasing duration of infections with time, taking into account other factors associated with increasing infection risk. The second was to highlight different patterns in the effects of certain factors on new and persistent trypanosome infections.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.