Liposome-associated ganglioside antigens (ganglioside GM1 or bovine brain gangliosides) were prepared to facilitate the potential protective efficacy for Trypanosoma brucei. Mice were immunized with liposome-associated ganglioside GM1 or bovine brain gangliosides intraperitoneally (i.p.). After immunization, significantly higher antigen-specific IgG and IgM antibodies were detected in sera than in the nonimmunized control group. When sera from immunized mice were analyzed for isotype distribution, antigen-specific IgG1, IgG2a, and IgG3 antibody responses were also noted. After immunization, mice were challenged i.p. with 1 × 102 cells of T. brucei. Sixty percentage of liposome-associated ganglioside GM1–immunized mice survived the infection, and all the mice immunized with bovine brain gangliosides–containing liposomes survived. However, all control mice died within 7 days after infection. These data demonstrate that liposomes containing ganglioside antigens have the potential usefulness for the induction of a protective immune response against T. brucei infection and suggest the possibility of developing vaccines that may ultimately be used for the prevention of trypanosomiasis.
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