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1 April 2005 MOLECULAR CLONING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF COPPER/ZINC-SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE OF PARAGONIMUS WESTERMANI
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Abstract

Superoxide dismutases (SODs; EC 1.15.1.1) play important roles in the protection of the parasites against cellular oxygen–mediated killing of the hosts. A copper/zinc-containing SOD (Cu/Zn-SOD) was identified previously from lung fluke, Paragonimus westermani. To expand our understanding of P. westermani SOD, we isolated a complementary DNA encoding a Cu/Zn-SOD, expressed the active enzyme in Escherichia coli, and characterized its biochemical properties. The deduced amino acid (aa) sequence of the gene shared up to 73.7% identities with Cu/Zn-SODs of other helminths and shared well-conserved characteristic motifs and essential aa residues involved in coordinating copper and zinc enzymatic functions. Recombinant Cu/ Zn-SOD exhibited comparable biochemical properties with that of the native enzyme, including pH optima and potassium cyanide–and hydrogen peroxide–sensitive inhibition profiles. The active enzyme consisted of 2 identical subunits covalently linked by disulfide bonds. The enzyme was constitutively expressed throughout various developmental stages of the parasite. The levels increased as P. westermani matured and plateaued in adult stage. Our result suggests the enzyme might play an important role for parasites to survive in the hosts through its superoxide anion–detoxifying function.

Ai-Hua Li, Byoung-Kuk Na, Yoon Kong, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Qin-Ping Zhao, and Tong-Soo Kim "MOLECULAR CLONING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF COPPER/ZINC-SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE OF PARAGONIMUS WESTERMANI," Journal of Parasitology 91(2), 293-299, (1 April 2005). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-349R
Received: 1 March 2004; Accepted: 1 July 2004; Published: 1 April 2005
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