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1 June 2005 CLONING AND NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE OF A FULL-LENGTH cDNA ENCODING ASCARIS SUUM PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE
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Abstract
The nucleotide sequence of a full-length cDNA encoding phosphofructokinase (PFK) enzyme from the parasitic nematode Ascaris suum was determined. The entire sequence of 2,653 bases comprises a single open reading frame of 2,452 bases and a noncoding region of 201 bases after the stop codon. The mature protein contains 812 amino acids and has a molecular mass of 90,900 Da. The amino acid sequences of several peptides derived from the purified protein show excellent correspondence with the translated nucleotide sequence. Comparison of the amino acid sequence of the protein with those of 3 other worms as well as those of human, rabbit, and bacterial enzymes reveals highly conserved regions interrupted with stretches of lesser sequence similarity. Analyses of the subunit primary structure reveal, as in other eukaryotic PFKs, that the amino-terminal half is homologous to the carboxy-terminal half, supporting the hypothesis that the PFK gene evolved by duplication of the prokaryotic gene and that the allosteric sites arose by mutations at the catalytic site. The location of the phosphorylation site is unique and different compared with other PFKs and plays a key role in regulation of the enzyme activity. Structural motifs such as the putative substrate and effector binding domains and also the key amino acids involved therein are clearly identified by alignment of all the PFK protein sequences.
Gopal Kulkarni, Nirupama A. Sabnis, Kolari S. Bhat and Ben G. Harris "CLONING AND NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE OF A FULL-LENGTH cDNA ENCODING ASCARIS SUUM PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE," Journal of Parasitology 91(3), (1 June 2005). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-369R
Received: 29 March 2004; Accepted: 1 July 2004; Published: 1 June 2005
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