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1 October 2005 DIFFERENCES IN SHELL SHAPE OF NATURALLY INFECTED LYMNAEA STAGNALIS (L.) INDIVIDUALS AS THE EFFECT OF THE ACTIVITY OF DIGENETIC TREMATODE LARVAE
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Abstract

The shells of Lymnaea stagnalis show great morphological variability. This phenomenon has been described as the result of an environmental influence. The main object of the present study was to compare some biometric data from shells of naturally infected and uninfected snails from 25 different lakes in the central part of Poland. The height of the shell, the height of the spiral, and the width of the shell were measured. Some inter- and intrapopulation differences among individuals were found. Greater variability of shell shape was observed among snails parasitized with digenean larvae than in nonparasitized ones. Snails infected with Echinoparyphium aconiatum, Echinostoma revolutum, Diplostomum pseudospathaceum, and Opisthioglyphe ranae differed in shell shape compared with uninfected individuals. Snails infected with Plagiorchis elegans did not differ from uninfected individuals. The same was true of snails in which the commensal oligochaete, Chaetogaster limnei, was found. The results of the present study support the assumption that the deformation of shells of the snails under study was in some way influenced by the presence of certain species of digenetic trematodes.

Elżbieta Żbikowska and Janusz Żbikowski "DIFFERENCES IN SHELL SHAPE OF NATURALLY INFECTED LYMNAEA STAGNALIS (L.) INDIVIDUALS AS THE EFFECT OF THE ACTIVITY OF DIGENETIC TREMATODE LARVAE," Journal of Parasitology 91(5), (1 October 2005). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-420R1.1
Received: 17 June 2004; Accepted: 1 February 2005; Published: 1 October 2005
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