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1 February 2006 UBIQUITOUS VARIABILITY IN THE PREVALENCE OF TRICHOBILHARZIA STAGNICOLAE (SCHISTOSOMATIDAE) INFECTING STAGNICOLA EMARGINATA IN THREE NORTHERN MICHIGAN LAKES
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Abstract

During 4 consecutive collecting seasons from 1998 through 2001, 77,326 common beach snails (Stagnicola emarginata, Lymnaeidae) were examined for infections by Trichobilharzia stagnicolae from multiple sites on Walloon Lake, Higgins Lake, and Lake Leelanau, located in the northern region of the lower peninsula of Michigan. Snails were examined for infections using the light-box technique (exposure to bright fluorescent light). The prevalence of infected snails varied significantly among lakes within a year, between years in a lake, at a site from year to year, and at a site over a collecting season. Overall annual prevalence ranged from 0.54% (1999) to 1.32% (2001) on Walloon Lake, from 0.56% (2001) to 1.06% (1998) on Higgins Lake, and 0.30% (2001) to 0.89% (2000) on Lake Leelanau. Generally, the peak in prevalence coincided in July on the lakes. Prevalence was found to increase with snail length in all lakes. A comparison of the light-box technique and crushing snails demonstrated that prevalence varied in magnitude by technique as much as 1.2 and 5.7 times.

Nathaniel R. Coady, Patrick M. Muzzall, Thomas M. Burton, Richard J. Snider, Jamie Saxton, Michael Sergeant, and Abbie Sommers "UBIQUITOUS VARIABILITY IN THE PREVALENCE OF TRICHOBILHARZIA STAGNICOLAE (SCHISTOSOMATIDAE) INFECTING STAGNICOLA EMARGINATA IN THREE NORTHERN MICHIGAN LAKES," Journal of Parasitology 92(1), (1 February 2006). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-3336.1
Received: 17 October 2003; Accepted: 1 June 2005; Published: 1 February 2006
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