Translator Disclaimer
1 August 2006 INVOLVEMENT OF MANAYUNKIA SPECIOSA (ANNELIDA: POLYCHAETA: SABELLIDAE) IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF PARVICAPSULA MINIBICORNIS, A MYXOZOAN PARASITE OF PACIFIC SALMON
Author Affiliations +
Abstract
A coelomic myxozoan infection was detected in freshwater polychaetes, Manayunkia speciosa from the Klamath River, Oregon/California, a site enzootic for the myxozoan parasites Ceratomyxa shasta and Parvicapsula minibicornis. The tetractinomyxon type actinospores had a near-spherical spore body 7.9 × 7.1 μm, with 3 spherical, protruding polar capsules, no valve cell processes, and a binucleate sporoplasm. Parvicapsula minibicornis-specific primers Parvi1f and Parvi2r amplified DNA from infected polychaetes in a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. The small subunit 18S rRNA gene of the spores was sequenced (GenBank DQ231038) and was a 99.7% match with the sequence for P. minibicornis myxospore stage in GenBank (AF201375). Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) exposed to a dose of 1,000 actinospores per fish tested PCR positive for P. minibicornis at 14 wk postinfection and presporogonic stages were detected in the kidney tubules by histology at 20 wk. This life cycle is 1 of only about 30 known from more than 1,350 myxozoan species, and only the second known from a freshwater polychaete.
Jerri L. Bartholomew, Stephen D. Atkinson and Sascha L. Hallett "INVOLVEMENT OF MANAYUNKIA SPECIOSA (ANNELIDA: POLYCHAETA: SABELLIDAE) IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF PARVICAPSULA MINIBICORNIS, A MYXOZOAN PARASITE OF PACIFIC SALMON," Journal of Parasitology 92(4), (1 August 2006). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-781R.1
Received: 4 November 2005; Accepted: 1 January 2006; Published: 1 August 2006
JOURNAL ARTICLE
7 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top