Megachona chamelensis n. gen., n. sp. is described from the intestinal cecae of blue striped chub Sectator ocyurus (Kyphosidae, Perciformes), from Chamela Bay, Mexico. Megachona n. gen. most closely resembles Beaninema Caspeta-Mandujano, Moravec, and Salgado-Maldonado, 2001; Fellicola Petter and Køie, 1993; and Rhabdochona Railliet, 1916. The main characters that distinguish the new genus from all other rhabdochonids include a longer than wide funnel-shaped prostom and cuticular longitudinal ridges of prostom forming anteriorly subterminal massive toothlike structures followed posteriorly by irregularly arranged smaller teeth. This finding brings the total number of genera of Rhabdochonidae of marine fish in Mexico to 2. The new species is characterized by having a smaller number of cuticular longitudinal ridges in the male prostom than in the female prostom, forming massive toothlike structures in its subterminal portion, followed by more minute teeth in the female than in the male, a slender tail end with a broad tip, the distal part of the left spicule with a lanceolate end, a straight right spicule without a dorsal barb, 1 pair of precloacal and 3 pairs of postcloacal papillae, and a smooth egg surface.
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