Biomphalaria glabrata snails injected with extracts of Schistosoma mansoni miracidia, mother sporocyst excretory–secretory product, cercariae, and adults, showed increased mitotic activity in histological sections of the amebocyte-producing organ (APO) relative to water-injected controls. The mitotic response was generally higher to extracts adjusted to 1.0 mg protein/ml than to a 10-fold lower concentration, although in most cases this increase was not statistically significant. Colchicine treatment prior to fixation significantly increased the number of mitotic figures in APOs of all groups of extract-injected snails, both with respect to water-injected controls and, with 1 exception, relative to matched colchicine-untreated snails. Extracts of adult worms elicited a pronounced mitotic response, suggesting that adults may share a mitogenic molecule with larvae. The high variability in counts of mitotic figures may limit the usefulness of this histological method.
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