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1 August 2008 Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Human Adults From Three Rural Communities in Durango State, Mexico
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Abstract

There is scarce information concerning the epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii infection in people of rural Mexico. Anti-T. gondii immunoglobulin (Ig)G and IgM antibodies were sought in 462 adult inhabitants from 3 rural communities of Durango, Mexico, using enzyme-linked immunoassays. In total, 110 (23.8%) of 463 persons had IgG anti-T. gondii antibodies. Ten (2.2%) of them also had IgM anti-T. gondii antibodies. Prevalences of T. gondii IgG antibodies in the 3 communities varied from 14.8 to 35.8%. The highest prevalence of infection was observed in participants older than 70 yr and in those with good housing conditions. Toxoplasma gondii infection was significantly associated with consumption of squirrel (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 4.22; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.11–16.05) and turkey meat (adjusted OR = 4.58; 95% CI = 1.14–18.44). This is the first epidemiological study of T. gondii prevalence in rural Mexico.

C. Alvarado-Esquivel, H. M. Cruz-Magallanes, R. Esquivel-Cruz, S. Estrada-Martínez, M. Rivas-González, O. Liesenfeld, S. A. Martínez-García, E. Ramírez, A. Torres-Castorena, A. Castañeda, and J. P. Dubey "Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Human Adults From Three Rural Communities in Durango State, Mexico," Journal of Parasitology 94(4), (1 August 2008). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-1524.1
Received: 9 November 2007; Accepted: 1 November 2007; Published: 1 August 2008
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