Recently, our group demonstrated that mouse lesions infected with Leishmania amazonensis are hypoxic. Evidence indicates the negative impact of hypoxia on the efficacy of a variety of chemotherapeutic agents against tumors, fungi, bacteria, and malaria parasites. In the present study, comparison of the effect of antileishmanial drugs on L. amazonensis-infected macrophages under normoxic and hypoxic conditions was performed. We compared the effect of 5% oxygen tension with a tension of 21% oxygen on peritoneal murine macrophage cultures infected with the parasite and treated with glucantime, amphotericin B, or miltefosine. Analysis of the infection index (percentage of infected macrophages × number of amastigotes per macrophage), dose-dependent efficacy of drugs, and IC50 values demonstrated that hypoxia conferred a small, but significant, resistance to all 3 antileishmanial drugs. The present finding suggests that in vitro assays under hypoxia should not be neglected in drug studies.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.