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1 June 2013 Toxoplasma gondii in Ruminant Species (Cattle, Sheep, and Goats) from Southern Spain
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Abstract
Seroprevalences of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies were assessed with the use of a commercial indirect ELISA in 1,501 domestic ruminants in southern Spain. Antibodies against T. gondii were detected in 420 (83.3%) of 504 cattle, 248 (49.3%) of 503 sheep, and 124 (25.1%) of 494 goats. The herd seroprevalence was 100% (72/72), 84.7% (61/72), and 72.2% (52/72) for cattle, sheep, and goats, respectively. Seropositivity was significantly higher in herds with a low density of animals (P < 0.001). Significant differences (P < 0.05) among municipalities were also found. The seroprevalence observed in the present study indicates a widespread exposure to T. gondii in livestock in southern Spain.
I. García-Bocanegra, O. Cabezón, E. Hernández, M. S. Martínez-Cruz, Á. Martínez-Moreno and J. Martínez-Moreno "Toxoplasma gondii in Ruminant Species (Cattle, Sheep, and Goats) from Southern Spain," Journal of Parasitology 99(3), (1 June 2013). https://doi.org/10.1645/12-27.1
Received: 29 July 2012; Accepted: 1 November 2012; Published: 1 June 2013
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