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1 June 2013 Lice Outbreak in Buffaloes: Evidence of Anaplasma marginale Transmission by Sucking Lice Haematopinus tuberculatus
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Abstract

Lice infestations are commonly seen in buffaloes, causing damage directly to the animal, i.e., itching, skin lesions, and anemia. In addition, these insects can also be vectors for infectious diseases. The present study describes an outbreak of lice in buffaloes as well as evidence for Haematopinus tuberculatus acting as a vector of anaplasmosis. Lice and blood were collected from 4 young buffaloes (2- to 4-mo-old) and a molecular analysis for the presence of Anaplasma marginale was conducted. DNA of A. marginale was detected in the blood of all 4 animals. Twelve lice were collected and separated in 4 groups, with 3 insects each, to comprise a pool of samples. After DNA extraction and molecular analysis, a positive PCR for A. marginale was found in all pooled samples. These results identify sucking lice as potential vectors of anaplasmosis. However, additional studies are necessary to fully evaluate the vector potential of H. tuberculatus for A. maginale transmission.

Aleksandro Schafer da Silva, Leandro Sâmia Lopes, Jorge Damian Stumpfs Diaz, Alexandre Alberto Tonin, Lenita Moura Stefani, and Denise Nunes Araújo "Lice Outbreak in Buffaloes: Evidence of Anaplasma marginale Transmission by Sucking Lice Haematopinus tuberculatus," Journal of Parasitology 99(3), (1 June 2013). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-3260.1
Published: 1 June 2013
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