Saliva of female flies is responsible for localized hypersensitivity reactions and life-threatening systemic hemorrhagic syndromes in humans and animals. In this study, morphology and electrophoretic protein profiles of female salivary glands of Oriental black flies in the subgenus Simulium Latreille s. str., Simulium (Simulium) nigrogilvum, S. (S.) rufibasis, S. (S.) nodosum, and subgenus Gomphostilbia Enderlein, S. (Gomphostilbia) asakoae were analyzed. The paired female salivary glands of the four simuliid species were morphologically similar and situated on either side of the esophagus. Each gland is composed of two main parts, a secretory arm and a reservoir. In each species, the size of the gland correlated with salivary gland protein contents. SDS-PAGE analysis revealed differences of electrophoretic protein profiles and specifically major protein bands of the female salivary glands in each species, suggesting that protein profiles might be useful for construction of an additional tool to distinguish these black fly species. The information obtained from this study is an initial step for further research on salivary proteins that are involved in vertebrate hemostatic response.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.