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1 June 2009 Effect of Different Larval Rearing Temperatures on the Productivity (Ro) and Morphology of the Malaria Vector Anopheles superpictus Grassi (Diptera: Culicidae) Using Geometric Morphometrics
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Abstract

Temperature affects both the biology and morphology of mosquito vectors. Geometric morphometrics is a useful new tool for capturing and analyzing differences in shape and size in many morphological parameters, including wings. We have used this technique for capturing the differences in the wings of the malaria vector Anopheles superpictus, using cohorts reared at six different constant temperatures (15°, 20°, 25°, 27°, 30°, and 35° C) and also searched for potential correlations with the life tables of the species. We studied wing shape in both male and female adults, using 22 landmarks on the wing in relation to ecological parameters, including the development rate. The ecological zero was calculated as 9.93° C and the thermal constant as 296.34 day-degrees. The rearing temperature affects egg, larval, and pupal development and also the total time from egg to adult. As rearing temperatures increased, longevity decreased in both sexes. In An. superpictus, R0 value and productivity correlated with the statistically significant gradual deformations in the wing shape related to size in both sexes. These deformations directly linked to differences in immature rearing temperatures. Analysis using PCA and UPGMA phenograms showed that although wings of females became narrower dorsoventrally as the temperature increased, they became broader in males. Comparisons of the wing landmarks indicated the medial part of the wing was most affected by larval rearing temperatures, showing relatively more deformations. Algorithmic values of the life tables were determined in correlation with the results of geometric morphometrics. Comparisons of centroid sizes in the cohorts showed that overall wing size became smaller in both sexes in response to higher rearing temperatures.

Secil Aytekin, A. Murat Aytekin, and Bulent Alten "Effect of Different Larval Rearing Temperatures on the Productivity (Ro) and Morphology of the Malaria Vector Anopheles superpictus Grassi (Diptera: Culicidae) Using Geometric Morphometrics," Journal of Vector Ecology 34(1), 32-42, (1 June 2009). https://doi.org/10.3376/038.034.0105
Received: 26 May 2008; Accepted: 1 March 2009; Published: 1 June 2009
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