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1 December 2009 Phylogenetic and Phenotypic Relationships Among Triatoma carcavalloi (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) and Related Species Collected in Domiciles in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil
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Abstract

Triatoma carcavalloi is considered a rare Chagas disease vector often collected inside domiciles in Rio Grande do Sul State. In this Brazilian state, T. carcavalloi has been collected in the same ecotope (rock piles) with two other species (T. rubrovaria and T. circummaculata), with which it also shares morphological characteristics. Previous morphological studies placed T. carcavalloi in the same species complex (“infestans complex”) and subcomplex (“rubrovaria subcomplex”) as T. rubrovaria, whereas T. circummaculata was placed in the “circummaculata complex.” The phylogeny of a group composed of 16 species of triatomines was revaluated with the inclusion of T. carcavalloi by Bayesian analysis using mtDNA sequences of subunits 12S and 16S of the ribosomal RNA, and the cytochrome oxidase I (COI) genes. The phenotypic relationship among T. carcavalloi and related triatomines was also inferred from morphometries. Phylogenetic results indicate that T. carcavalloi is a sister species of T. rubrovaria, and both were recovered as closely related to T. circummaculata. Morphometric studies confirmed the closeness among T. carcavalloi, T. rubrovaria, and T. circummaculata, prompting the placement of the latter species in the “infestans complex” and “rubrovaria subcomplex.”

Carlos Eduardo Almeida, Paula L. Marcet, Marcia Gumiel, Daniela Maeda Takiya, Margareth Cardozo-de-Almeida, Raquel S Pacheco, Catarina Macedo Lopes, Ellen M. Dotson, and Jane Costa "Phylogenetic and Phenotypic Relationships Among Triatoma carcavalloi (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) and Related Species Collected in Domiciles in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil," Journal of Vector Ecology 34(2), 164-173, (1 December 2009). https://doi.org/10.3376/038.034.0201
Received: 12 August 2008; Accepted: 1 April 2009; Published: 1 December 2009
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