Translator Disclaimer
1 June 2017 Vector Bionomics and Malaria Transmission along the Thailand-Myanmar Border: A Baseline Entomological Survey
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Baseline entomological surveys were conducted in four sentinel sites along the Thailand-Myanmar border to address vector bionomics and malaria transmission in the context of a study on malaria elimination. Adult Anopheles mosquitoes were collected using human-landing catch and cow-bait collection in four villages during the rainy season from May–June, 2013. Mosquitoes were identified to species level by morphological characters and by AS-PCR. Sporozoite indexes were determined on head/thoraces of primary and secondary malaria vectors using real-time PCR. A total of 4,301 anopheles belonging to 12 anopheline taxa were identified. Anopheles minimus represented >98% of the Minimus Complex members (n=1,683), whereas the An. maculatus group was composed of two dominant species, An. sawadwongporni and An. maculatus. Overall, 25 Plasmodium-positive mosquitoes (of 2,323) were found, representing a sporozoite index of 1.1% [95%CI 0.66–1.50]. The transmission intensity as measured by the EIR strongly varied according to the village (ANOVA, F=17.67, df=3, P<0.0001). Our findings highlight the diversity and complexity of the biting pattern of malaria vectors along the Thailand-Myanmar border that represent a formidable challenge for malaria control and elimination.

N. Kwansomboon, V. Chaumeau, P. Kittiphanakun, D. Cerqueira, V. Corbel, and T. Chareonviriyaphap "Vector Bionomics and Malaria Transmission along the Thailand-Myanmar Border: A Baseline Entomological Survey," Journal of Vector Ecology 42(1), 84-93, (1 June 2017). https://doi.org/10.1111/jvec.12242
Received: 27 August 2016; Accepted: 1 December 2016; Published: 1 June 2017
JOURNAL ARTICLE
10 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top