Two Jurassic–Cretaceous anurans are described based on well-preserved specimens from the lower part of the Yixian Formation, western Liaoning Province, northeastern China. One specimen, from the Heitizigou site, documents a new genus and species, and the second, from the Sihetun site, is the holotype and only known specimen for the recently named Callobatrachus sanyanensis. Phylogenetic relationships of the major archaeobatrachian anuran clades are investigated with incorporation into the analysis of selected (well-established) early fossil taxa. The new taxon named and described in this paper is placed as the representative of a distinct archaic anuran clade, and Callobatrachus is considered to be an ingroup member of the Discoglossidae, constituting the earliest record of the family from Asia. The oldest known fossil anuran, Prosalirus from the Early Jurassic of Arizona, is grouped with Notobatrachus as sister taxa, and the two together form the most basal clade of Anura. Contradicting the widely accepted Leiopelmatidae–Discoglossidae sistergroup relationship, new evidence places the Leiopelmatidae as the most basal extant familial group and the sister group to other archaeobatrachian clades. The relationships and classification of the major archaic anuran clades are discussed, based on the phylogenetic results of this study.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 21 • No. 3