Hambach 6C, a recently discovered middle Miocene vertebrate locality in northwestern Germany, produced the fourth occurrence of the extremely rare ruminant Orygotherium escheri. The new record is an isolated M3. In Central Europe, O. escheri is known only from lignitic deposits of zone MN5, and may have been restricted to swampy habitats. Figures and measurements of the lecto- and paralectotypes are published for the first time. The phylogenetic position of Orygotherium within the Ruminantia remains uncertain despite 160 years of research.
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Vol. 21 • No. 3