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1 September 2004 A NEW TRITYLODONTID FROM THE UPPER JURASSIC SHISHUGOU FORMATION OF THE JUNGGAR BASIN (XINJIANG, NW CHINA)
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Abstract
A new tritylodontid cynodont, Bienotheroides ultimus sp. nov., is described from the Upper Jurassic Shishugou Formation of Jiangjunmiao in the northeastern Junggar Basin of Xinjiang (NW China). The type consists of a partial skeleton, including teeth, a partial skull, and a considerable portion of the postcranium. It is identifiable as Bienotheroides because of the structure of the upper molars and the characteristically deep zygomatic arch. It is distinguished from Bienotheroides zigongensis from the Middle Jurassic of the Junggar Basin particularly by characters of the forelimb, including a humerus that shows little torsion of the proximal and distal ends. Bienotheroides ultimus is the last of the Chinese tritylodontids known so far, and apart from Xenocretosuchus from the Lower Cretaceous of Russia and an unnamed form from the Lower Cretaceous of Japan, it is the last non-mammalian therapsid known in the entire fossil record.
MICHAEL W. MAISCH, ANDREAS T. MATZKE and GE SUN "A NEW TRITYLODONTID FROM THE UPPER JURASSIC SHISHUGOU FORMATION OF THE JUNGGAR BASIN (XINJIANG, NW CHINA)," Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24(3), (1 September 2004). https://doi.org/10.1671/0272-4634(2004)024[0649:ANTFTU]2.0.CO;2
Received: 3 November 2002; Accepted: 17 November 2003; Published: 1 September 2004
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