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1 May 2010 A New Genus and Species of Mylodontidae (Mammalia: Xenarthra) from the Late Miocene of Southern Uruguay, with Comments on the Systematics of the Mylodontinae
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Abstract

New associated cranial and postcranial remains of a new genus and species of Mylodontinae: Lestobradys sprechmanni, gen. et. sp. nov (Mammalia: Xenarthra), were found on the coast of Kiyú beach (San José, southern Uruguay). The specimens described are from the late Miocene (Huayquerian SALMA) sediments of Camacho Formation. The mandibular configuration of this new taxon differs from all well-known members of the family in presenting a first alveolus strongly projected toward the labial region that is separated from the rest of the alveoli of the dental series by a marked diastema. It additionally differs in its combination of a subtriangular second alveolus, subquadrangular third alveolus, and a bilobed last alveolus. An incomplete skull, three thoracic vertebrae, and two caudal vertebrae were associated with the mandibular remains. We also refer a complete and well-preserved right astragalus to the new species. Aspects of the history, systematics, and taxonomy of the Mylodontidae and their proposed subfamilies are discussed.

© 2010 by the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology
Andrés Rinderknecht, Bostelmann T. Enrique, Daniel Perea, and Gustavo Lecuona "A New Genus and Species of Mylodontidae (Mammalia: Xenarthra) from the Late Miocene of Southern Uruguay, with Comments on the Systematics of the Mylodontinae," Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30(3), (1 May 2010). https://doi.org/10.1080/02724631003757997
Received: 30 November 2008; Accepted: 1 September 2009; Published: 1 May 2010
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