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1 March 2012 The First Complete Skull of Hispanotherium matritense (Prado, 1864) (Perissodactyla, Rhinocerotidae) from the Middle Miocene of the Iberian Peninsula
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Abstract
New rhinocerotid remains from the early middle Miocene site of Príncipe Pío-2, Madrid Basin (Madrid, Spain), are described and identified as belonging to Hispanotherium matritense. They constitute the first complete cranial remains recorded for this species, permitting the description of its cranial morphology and updating the species diagnosis. New remains show H. matritense as a middle-sized hornless elasmotheriine rhinoceros, contrary to previous studies. Phylogenetic analysis places the Western European Hispanotherium matritense close to the coeval Spanish species Hispanotherium corcolense and more distantly related to the French species Hispanotherium beonense. The late middle Miocene “H.” tungurense from Inner Mongolia is placed near later diverging elasmotheres, and its belonging to the genus Hispanotherium is questioned.
© 2012 by the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology
Oscar Sanisidro, María Teresa Alberdi and Jorge Morales "The First Complete Skull of Hispanotherium matritense (Prado, 1864) (Perissodactyla, Rhinocerotidae) from the Middle Miocene of the Iberian Peninsula," Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 32(2), (1 March 2012). https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.2012.639420
Received: 10 June 2011; Accepted: 1 November 2011; Published: 1 March 2012
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