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1 January 2013 Growth Mechanisms in Dinosaur Eggshells: An Insight From Electron Backscatter Diffraction
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Abstract
The direct relationship between eggshell structure and eggshell formation is well established for avian eggs, but has never been studied in depth in non-avian dinosaurs. Both biological and crystallographic mechanisms take part in eggshell formation, due to its dual mineralogical and proteinaceous nature, but the exact relative contributions of these processes are still poorly known. Competitive growth has been postulated to be the general mechanism leading to the characteristic columnar construction seen in dinosaur eggshell. Here we analyze the eggshell structure of both ornithopod and non-avian theropod ootaxa with orientation contrast imaging and electron backscatter diffraction and present the first misorientation angle boundary maps of fossil eggshell, in order to ascertain whether competitive growth can explain the development of the columnar structure in non-avian dinosaur eggshell. Our results show that both eggshell types can be constructed via competitive growth, and that small changes in organic core spacing and crystal grain size, which are organically controlled, may develop into major changes in general eggshell structure, which will determine the physical properties of the egg. However, interseed distance cannot be directly correlated with organic core spacing as the competitive growth model predicted.
© 2013 by the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology
Miguel Moreno-Azanza, Elisabetta Mariani, Blanca Bauluz and José I. Canudo "Growth Mechanisms in Dinosaur Eggshells: An Insight From Electron Backscatter Diffraction," Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33(1), (1 January 2013). https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.2012.710284
Received: 24 February 2012; Accepted: 1 June 2012; Published: 1 January 2013
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