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1 November 2013 A New Late Cretaceous Vertebrate Fauna from the Cauvery Basin, South India: Implications for Gondwanan Paleobiogeography
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Abstract
Late Cretaceous vertebrate faunas of India are known predominantly from intertrappean deposits in the Deccan volcanic province of the central and western parts of the country. A thick and nearly continuous sequence of Early Cretaceous—Early Paleocene fossiliferous sediments exposed in the Cauvery Basin of South India has been comparatively poorly explored. Here, we present a preliminary description of a new fauna consisting of vertebrate fossils discovered from the continental Upper Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian) Kallamedu Formation. The Kallamedu Fauna includes ganoid fishes, amphibians, turtles, crocodiles, and dinosaurs, with many taxa suggesting Late Cretaceous biotic links between India and other Gondwanan landmasses. Teeth of abelisaurid dinosaurs, known previously from the Middle Jurassic of South America and the Late Cretaceous of Africa, Madagascar, and central and western India, support a pan-Gondwanan distribution for this group oftheropod dinosaurs. Of greatest significance, however, is the first discovery of a Simosuchus-like notosuchian crocodile outside of Madagascar. This report of the first Indian Simosuchus-like notosuchian crocodile further strengthens earlier evidence from other vertebrate groups for close biotic links between India and Madagascar in the Late Cretaceous, most likely through dispersal via the Seychelles block, Amirante Ridge, and Providence Bank.
©2013 by the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology
Guntupalli V. R. Prasad, Omkar Verma, John J. Flynn and Anjali Goswami "A New Late Cretaceous Vertebrate Fauna from the Cauvery Basin, South India: Implications for Gondwanan Paleobiogeography," Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33(6), (1 November 2013). https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.2013.777348
Received: 8 January 2012; Accepted: 1 February 2013; Published: 1 November 2013
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