Records of Early Triassic marine reptiles, when they first emerged after the end Permian mass extinction, are rare. During an excavation at Majiashan, Chaohu, Anhui Province, a new sauropterygian specimen was found co-occurring with the ichthyopterygian Chaohusaurus from the Upper Member of the Nanlinghu Formation, of Olenekian (Spathian, Early Triassic) age, for which a new taxon, Majiashanosaurus discocoracoidis, gen. et sp. nov., is erected. This skeleton is exposed in ventral view, with the last three cervical vertebrae together with 19 dorsal, three sacral, and more than 18 caudal vertebrae preserved. The cervical centra are keeled ventrally, and cervical ribs are double-headed, carrying a free anterior process. The transverse processes of the dorsal vertebrae are not distinctively elongated. The dorsal ribs are single-headed, and the clavicles articulate on the anteromedial aspect of the scapula. The humerus is curved. These features allow assignment to a new sauropterygian taxon. The interclavicle has no posterior process, and the scapula is of typical eosauropterygian shape, with a broad and ventrally expanded glenoidal portion that is separated from a narrow posterodorsal blade by a distinct constriction. The coracoid is round and plate-like without a waist. This feature is different from that of all other known eosauropterygians, but resembles that of placodonts.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.