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1 May 2018 Grimmenichthys ansorgei, gen. et sp. nov. (Teleostei, ‘Pholidophoriformes’), and Other ‘Pholidophoriform’ Fishes from the Early Toarcian of Grimmen (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany)
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Abstract

Rare finds of ‘pholidophoriform’ fishes from the early Toarcian (Early Jurassic) of Grimmen (Mecklenburg- Western Pomerania, Germany) are described. The specimens include two isolated dentaries, an isolated braincase, several isolated scales, and an articulated, but incomplete specimen. The isolated bones are described in open nomenclature, whereas the articulated specimen is assigned to a new genus and species. The new taxon, Grimmenichthys ansorgei, gen. et sp. nov., shows an autapomorphy (notch in anteroventral margin of preopercle present) and some synapomorphies (e.g., five or six infraorbital bones; lepisosteoid-type scales, deeper than long in predorsal region, present) of Pholidophoridae s.s. The abdominal vertebrae of Grimmenichthys ansorgei, gen. et sp. nov., are diplospondylous which is also the case in the pholidophorids Pholidoctenus serianus and Malingichthys nimaiguensis, but the pattern of mineralization of the hemichordacentra is different from the condition in both of these pholidophorid species.

© by the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology
Martin Konwert and Marie K. Hörnig "Grimmenichthys ansorgei, gen. et sp. nov. (Teleostei, ‘Pholidophoriformes’), and Other ‘Pholidophoriform’ Fishes from the Early Toarcian of Grimmen (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany)," Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 38(3), (1 May 2018). https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.2018.1451871
Received: 22 May 2017; Accepted: 31 January 2018; Published: 1 May 2018
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