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1 January 1976 AN EPORNITIC OF DUCK PLAGUE ON A WISCONSIN GAME FARM
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Abstract

In April, 1973, an acute disease with a high rate of mortality appeared in a flock of 233 ducks and geese at a private game farm. Most of the flock (220) were black ducks (Anas rubripes) and mortality was restricted to them. In May, the remaining live birds were placed in isolation but mortality continued in black ducks and occurred in other species. The overall rate of mortality for black ducks was 93% and the case fatality rate was 97%. No hemorrhaging from either the bill or vent was observed. The most commonly observed gross lesions were extensive fibrino-necrotic plaques covering the mucosal surface of the esophagus, posterior colon and cloaca. Petechial and ecchymotic hemorrhages on visceral organs, particularly the heart, were also common. Virus isolation was attempted from tissues of three black ducks. Duck plague virus was isolated from liver, kidney, spleen and intestine of each. Sixteen black ducks survived the outbreak. Seven of these birds had significant levels of neutralizing antibody to duck plague virus.

JACOBSEN, PEARSON, and YUILL: AN EPORNITIC OF DUCK PLAGUE ON A WISCONSIN GAME FARM
GIFFORD S. JACOBSEN, JAMES E. PEARSON, and Thomas M. Yuill "AN EPORNITIC OF DUCK PLAGUE ON A WISCONSIN GAME FARM," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 12(1), (1 January 1976). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-12.1.20
Received: 19 March 1975; Published: 1 January 1976
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