Pneumonia caused by Mannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica is a highly fatal disease of bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis). Leukotoxin (Lkt), secreted by M. haemolytica, is an important virulence factor of this organism, and is cytolytic to bighorn sheep leukocytes. Previously, we have shown that CD18, the β subunit of β 2 integrins, serves as the receptor for Lkt on bovine leukocytes. Furthermore, anti-CD18 antibodies inhibit Lkt-induced cytotoxicity of bighorn sheep leukocytes. Therefore, we hypothesized that Lkt utilizes CD18 as its receptor on bighorn sheep leukocytes. Confirmation of bighorn sheep CD18 as a receptor for Lkt requires the demonstration that the recombinant expression of bighorn sheep CD18 in Lkt-nonsusceptible cells renders them susceptible to Lkt. Therefore, we transfected cDNA encoding CD18 of bighorn sheep into a Lkt-nonsusceptible murine cell line. Cell surface expression of bighorn sheep CD18 on the transfectants was tested by flow cytometry with anti-CD18 antibodies. Transfectants stably expressing bighorn sheep CD18 on their surface were subjected to flow cytometric analysis for detection of Lkt binding, and cytotoxicity assays for detection of Lkt-induced cytotoxicity. Leukotoxin bound to the transfectants. More importantly, the transfectants were effectively lysed by Lkt in a concentration-dependent manner, whereas the parent cells were not. These results clearly indicate that M. haemolytica Lkt utilizes CD18 as a receptor on bighorn sheep leukocytes. Identification of CD18 as a receptor for Lkt on bighorn sheep leukocytes should enhance our understanding of the pathogenesis of pneumonia, which in turn should help in the development of control measures against this fatal disease of bighorn sheep.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 43 • No. 1