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1 July 2007 Presence of Antibotulinum Neurotoxin Antibodies in Selected Wild Canids in Israel
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Abstract

Serum samples from 35 golden jackals (Canis aureus syriacus), eight wolves (Canis lupus), and four red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from various regions of Israel were collected during the years 2001–04 and tested for antibodies to Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) types C and D. Antibodies against BoNT types C and D were detected in 10 (29%) and in 3 (9%) of 35 golden jackals, respectively, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. This report describes detection of anti BoNT antibodies in wild canids other than coyotes (Canis latrans) for the first time and demonstrates that C. botulinum type C is prevalent in Israel.

Amir Steinman, Neta Millet, Chana Frenkel, Roni King, and Nahum Y. Shpigel "Presence of Antibotulinum Neurotoxin Antibodies in Selected Wild Canids in Israel," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 43(3), 548-550, (1 July 2007). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-43.3.548
Received: 7 August 2006; Published: 1 July 2007
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