Mannheimia haemolytica is an important cause of pneumonia in bighorn sheep (BHS; Ovis canadensis). Leukotoxin (Lkt), the primary virulence determinant of M. haemolytica, induces cytolysis of all subsets of leukocytes. Previously, we have shown that CD18, the β subunit of β2-integrins, mediates Lkt-induced cytolysis. However, it is not clear whether CD18 of all three β2-integrins, LFA-1, Mac-1, and CR4, mediates Lkt-induced cytol-ysis. The objective of this study was to determine whether BHS LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18) serves as a receptor for Lkt. Plasmids encoding cDNA for BHS CD11a and CD18 were cotransfected into Lkt-resistant HEK-293 cells. Flow cytometric analysis of transfectants confirmed cell surface expression of BHS LFA-1, Lkt-LFA-1 binding and Lkt-induced intracellular calcium elevation. More importantly, the transfectants were efficiently lysed by Lkt in a concentration-dependent manner. Collectively, these results indicate that BHS LFA-1 serves as a functional receptor for M. haemolytica Lkt.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 44 • No. 3