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1 October 2010 TOTAL INTRAVENOUS ANESTHESIA WITH MIDAZOLAM, KETAMINE, AND XYLAZINE OR DETOMIDINE FOLLOWING INDUCTION WITH TILETAMINE, ZOLAZEPAM, AND XYLAZINE IN RED DEER (CERVUS ELAPHUS HIPPELAPHUS) UNDERGOING SURGERY
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Abstract

Sixteen captive female red deer were successfully anesthetized to surgically implant a telemetry system. The deer were immobilized with (mean±SD) 1.79±0.29 mg/kg xylazine and 1.79±0.29 mg/kg tiletamine/zolazepam given intramuscularly with a dart gun. Anesthesia was maintained for 69±2 min using a total intravenous protocol with a catheter placed in the jugular vein. Group X received xylazine (0.5±0.055 mg/kg/hr) and group D, detomidine (2±0.22 μg/kg/hr), both in combination with ketamine (2±0.02 mg/kg/hr) and midazolam (0.03±0.0033 mg/kg/hr), as a constant rate infusion. Anesthesia was reversed with 0.09±0.01 mg/kg atipamezole and 8.7±1.21 μg/kg sarmazenil given intravenously in both groups. These drug combinations provided smooth induction, stable anesthesia for surgery, and rapid recovery. Respiratory depression and mild hypoxemia were seen, and we, therefore, recommend using supplemental intranasal oxygen.

Ulrike Auer, Sandra Wenger, Christoph Beigelböck, Wolfgang Zenker, and Martina Mosing "TOTAL INTRAVENOUS ANESTHESIA WITH MIDAZOLAM, KETAMINE, AND XYLAZINE OR DETOMIDINE FOLLOWING INDUCTION WITH TILETAMINE, ZOLAZEPAM, AND XYLAZINE IN RED DEER (CERVUS ELAPHUS HIPPELAPHUS) UNDERGOING SURGERY," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 46(4), 1196-1203, (1 October 2010). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-46.4.1196
Received: 23 July 2009; Accepted: 1 July 2010; Published: 1 October 2010
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