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1 April 2011 PREVALENCE OF MANDIBULAR OSTEOMYELITIS IN ROE DEER (CAPREOLUS CAPREOLUS) IN SLOVENIA
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Abstract

Mandibular osteomyelitis in free-ranging cervids is a rare, but eventually fatal, disease. We examined 41,895 defleshed mandibles of roe deer collected throughout Slovenia in 2007. Mandibles from 14,679 fawns had no signs of osteomyelitis, and were excluded from further analysis. Of the remaining 27,216 specimens, chronic osteomyelitis (‘‘lumpy jaw'') was found in 113 mandibles (4.2%; 7.0% of adults). The majority of cases were observed from the Mediterranean and subalpine regions, near larger cities and thermal power plants. There was no statistically significant correlation between severity of the mandibular osteomyelitis and body weight. Females were more frequently affected than males. Coarse and abrasive food, and to some extent dental fluorosis, are the most probable triggers for development of lesions.

Dean Konjević, Ida Jelenko, Krešimir Severin, Helena Poličnik, Zdravko Janicki, Alen Slavica, Vera Njemirovskij, Damir Stanin, and Boštjan Pokorny "PREVALENCE OF MANDIBULAR OSTEOMYELITIS IN ROE DEER (CAPREOLUS CAPREOLUS) IN SLOVENIA," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47(2), (1 April 2011). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-47.2.393
Received: 21 June 2010; Accepted: 1 October 2010; Published: 1 April 2011
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