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1 January 2012 Survival of Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) Commingled with Domestic Sheep (Ovis aries) in the Absence of Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae
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Abstract

To test the hypothesis that Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae is an important agent of the bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) pneumonia that has previously inevitably followed experimental commingling with domestic sheep (Ovis aries), we commingled M. ovipneumoniae–free domestic and bighorn sheep (n=4 each). One bighorn sheep died with acute pneumonia 90 days after commingling, but the other three remained healthy for >100 days. This unprecedented survival rate is significantly different (P=0.002) from that of previous bighorn-domestic sheep contact studies but similar to (P>0.05) bighorn sheep survival following commingling with other ungulates. The absence of epizootic respiratory disease in this experiment supports the hypothesized role of M. ovipneumoniae as a key pathogen of epizootic pneumonia in bighorn sheep commingled with domestic sheep.

Thomas E. Besser, E. Frances Cassirer, Catherine Yamada, Kathleen A. Potter, Caroline Herndon, William J. Foreyt, Donald P. Knowles, and Subramaniam Srikumaran "Survival of Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) Commingled with Domestic Sheep (Ovis aries) in the Absence of Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 48(1), 168-172, (1 January 2012). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-48.1.168
Received: 6 April 2011; Accepted: 1 August 2011; Published: 1 January 2012
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