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1 July 2012 Effect of Acepromazine and Haloperidol in Male Iberian Ibex (Capra pyrenaica) Captured by Box-Trap
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Short-acting neuroleptic drugs are used to prevent adverse effects of stress in wildlife. We compared the effect of aceproma-zine and haloperidol in Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica) captured with box-traps. We captured 23 male Iberian ibex at the National Game Reserve of Ports de Tortosa i Beseit, northeastern Spain, March 2003–June 2005. Seven animals received 0.1 mg/kg of acepromazine maleate, eight received 0.33 mg/kg of haloperidol and eight animals acted as controls. Clinical, hematologic, and serum biochemical parameters were analyzed. Both treatments decreased rectal temperature, white blood cells, lymphocytes, and concentrations of creatinine, creatine kinase, and lactate dehydrogenase. Acepromazine also decreased red blood cells, packed cell volume, hemoglobin concentration, neutrophils, and concentrations of glucose and cholesterol. Haloperidol also decreased heart rate and concentrations of urea and potassium. Our results demonstrate the suitability of using acepromazine and haloperidol in capture operations to reduce stress and prevent its adverse effects.

Encarna Casas-Díaz, Ignasid Marco, Jorge Ramón López-Olvera, Gregorio Mentaberre, Emmanuel Serrano, and Santiago Lavín "Effect of Acepromazine and Haloperidol in Male Iberian Ibex (Capra pyrenaica) Captured by Box-Trap," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 48(3), 763-767, (1 July 2012).
Received: 6 October 2010; Accepted: 1 January 2012; Published: 1 July 2012

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