In 2009, a novel poxvirus was identified in a North American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) from Yukon, Canada. Initial molecular analyses indicated that this virus was likely to be distinct from all other known mammalian poxviruses, including those previously associated with disease in tree squirrels—squirrel fibroma virus in North America and squirrelpox virus in the UK (UK SQPV). We characterize the Canadian squirrelpox virus (Canadian SQPV) using DNA sequence analysis and negative-contrast transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Sequence analysis revealed that the Canadian SQPV is distinct from all known mammalian poxviruses but most closely related to the parapoxviruses, followed by UK SQPV. In contrast, TEM showed that the ultrastructure of Canadian SQPV is distinct from that of the parapoxviruses and UK SQPV but indistinguishable from that of other chordopoxviruses (a morphological group that includes the orthopoxviruses and leporipoxviruses). Overall, our analyses suggest a potential evolutionary relationship between UK SQPV and Canadian SQPV and supports our assertion that the Canadian virus represents a newly identified poxvirus in North American tree squirrels.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 49 • No. 1