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1 January 2015 Prevalence and Genotype Identification of Toxoplasma gondii in Wild Animals from Southwestern Spain
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Abstract

We used PCR to detect Toxoplasma gondii in the principal game species in southwestern Spain. We detected T. gondii in 32.2% of animals tested. Prevalences varied from 14.7% in wild boar (Sus scrofa) to 51.2% in red fox (Vulpes vulpes). The most prevalent genotype was type II (50.0%), followed by type III (20.6%) and type I (5.9%). Mixed infections (11.8%) were detected in wild boar (types I III) and red fox (types II III). Polymorphic strains (11.8%) were detected in several species. The high prevalence and the genetic variability shown could have implications for infection of farm animals and humans.

Wildlife Disease Association 2015
Rafael Calero-Bernal, José M. Saugar, Eva Frontera, Juan E. Pérez-Martín, Miguel A. Habela, Francisco J. Serrano, David Reina, and Isabel Fuentes "Prevalence and Genotype Identification of Toxoplasma gondii in Wild Animals from Southwestern Spain," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 51(1), 233-238, (1 January 2015). https://doi.org/10.7589/2013-09-233
Received: 6 September 2013; Accepted: 1 June 2014; Published: 1 January 2015
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