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1 January 2016 PREVALENCE AND DIVERSITY OF BARTONELLA SPECIES IN WILD SMALL MAMMALS IN ASIA
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Abstract

We collected 641 small mammals belonging to 17 species of Rodentia and four species of Soricomorpha in Japan, Korea, Russia, Taiwan, and Thailand and investigated the prevalence and genetic diversity of Bartonella species. Apodemus (field mice) and Rattus (rats) were the most-common genera captured, making up 56.0% and 23.1% of the total specimens, respectively. Bartonellae were isolated from 54.6% of the collected animals, and the prevalence varied depending on the host species and the country of origin. The isolates were identified to the species level based on gltA and rpoB sequences. Although most Bartonella species were shared by more than two host species, the distribution patterns of Bartonella species clearly differed among the four most-common host genera: Apodemus, Rattus, Myodes (voles), and Suncus (shrews). The predominant Bartonella species were Bartonella grahamii in Apodemus, Bartonella tribocorum in Rattus, B. grahamii and Bartonella taylorii in Myodes, and an unclassified Bartonella sp. in Suncus.

© Wildlife Disease Association 2016
Kyeong Soon Kim, Kai Inoue, Hidenori Kabeya, Shingo Sato, Tomoe Takada, Decha Pangjai, Shih-Hui Chiu, Hiromi Fujita, Hiroki Kawabata, Nobuhiro Takada, Hiroaki Kariwa, and Soichi Maruyama "PREVALENCE AND DIVERSITY OF BARTONELLA SPECIES IN WILD SMALL MAMMALS IN ASIA," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 52(1), 10-21, (1 January 2016). https://doi.org/10.7589/2015-01-015
Received: 20 January 2015; Accepted: 1 June 2015; Published: 1 January 2016
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