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22 December 2015 West Nile Virus in Resident Birds from Yucatan, Mexico
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Abstract
West Nile virus (WNV) in the Americas is thought to be transported at large spatial scales by migratory birds and locally spread and amplified by resident birds. Local processes, including interspecific interactions and dominance of passerine species recognized as competent reservoirs, may boost infection and maintain endemic cycles. Change in species composition has been recognized as an important driver for infection dynamics. Due to migration and changes in species diversity and composition in wintering grounds, changes in infection prevalence are expected. To these changes, we used PCR to estimate the prevalence of WNV in wild resident birds during the dry and rainy seasons of 2012 in Yucatan, Mexico. Serum samples were obtained from 104 wild birds, belonging to six orders and 35 species. We detected WNV in 14 resident birds, representing 11 species and three orders. Prevalences by order was Passeriformes (27%), Columbiformes (6%), and Piciformes (33%). Resident birds positive to WNV from Yucatan may be indicative of local virus circulation and evidence of past virus transmission activity.
© Wildlife Disease Association 2016
Andrea Chaves, Jesus Sotomayor-Bonilla, Otto Monge, Abigaíl Ramírez, Francisco Galindo, Rosa Elena Sarmiento-Silva, Gustavo A. Gutiérrez-Espeleta and Gerardo Suzán "West Nile Virus in Resident Birds from Yucatan, Mexico," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 52(1), (22 December 2015). https://doi.org/10.7589/2015-02-046
Received: 19 February 2015; Accepted: 1 July 2016; Published: 22 December 2015
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