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22 December 2015 Detection of Snake Fungal Disease Due to Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola in Virginia, USA
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Abstract
Snake fungal disease (SFD) is an emerging disease of wildlife believed to be caused by Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola. Although geographic and host ranges have yet to be determined, this disease is characterized by crusty scales, superficial pustules, and subcutaneous nodules, with subsequent morbidity and mortality in some snake species. To confirm the presence of SFD and O. ophiodiicola in snakes of eastern Virginia, US, we clinically examined 30 free-ranging snakes on public lands from April to October 2014. Skin biopsy samples were collected from nine snakes that had gross lesions suggestive of SFD; seven of these biopsies were suitable for histologic interpretation, and eight were suitable for culture and PCR detection of O. ophiodiicola. Seven snakes had histologic features consistent with SFD and eight were positive for O. ophiodiicola by PCR or fungal culture.
© Wildlife Disease Association 2016
Amanda L. Guthrie, Susan Knowles, Anne E. Ballmann and Jeffrey M. Lorch "Detection of Snake Fungal Disease Due to Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola in Virginia, USA," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 52(1), (22 December 2015). https://doi.org/10.7589/2015-04-093.1
Received: 15 April 2015; Accepted: 1 June 2015; Published: 22 December 2015
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