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1 April 2016 Occurrence of Prosthenorchis elegans in Free-living Primates from the Atlantic Forest of Southern Bahia, Brazil
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Abstract

Parasite prevalence and abundance are important factors affecting species' conservation. During necropsies on a free-living golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) and two Wied's marmosets (Callithrix kuhlii) in the Atlantic Forest of southern Bahia, Brazil, we collected a large number of adult intestinal parasites that we identified as Prosthenorchis elegans. This parasite is pathogenic for neotropical primates. Prosthenorchis spp. infestation is influenced by diet with increased risk of exposure from ingesting invertebrate intermediate hosts. The biological similarities and sympatric nature of these two nonhuman primates support that they may harbor similar infectious and parasitic agents.

Lilian S. Catenacci, Adriana C. Colosio, Leonardo C. Oliveira, Kristel M. De Vleeschouwer, Alexandre D. Munhoz, Sharon L. Deem, and Jaqueline M. S. Pinto "Occurrence of Prosthenorchis elegans in Free-living Primates from the Atlantic Forest of Southern Bahia, Brazil," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 52(2), 364-368, (1 April 2016). https://doi.org/10.7589/2015-06-163
Received: 23 June 2015; Accepted: 1 October 2015; Published: 1 April 2016
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