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1 October 2016 PREVALENCE OF ANTIBODY TO AND DNA OF LAWSONIA INTRACELLULARIS IN SAMPLES FROM WILD ANIMALS IN KOREA
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Abstract

We evaluated the prevalence of Lawsonia intracellularis infection in three wild animal species in Korea; the Korean water deer (Hydropotes inermis), Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus), and raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides). We collected 136 sera and 109 fecal samples from individuals in 10 Wildlife Rescue and Conservation Centers. Serum samples were tested for anti–L. intracellularis antibodies using a blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (bELISA), and fecal samples were subjected to a real-time PCR assay for L. intracellularis. Thirty-five (25.7%) sera and 36 (33.0%) fecal samples were positive. We found a higher proportion of positive sera (64.7%, χ2=15.439, P<0.01) and feces (58.8%, χ2=6.126, P<0.05) in raccoon dogs (χ2=11.855, P<0.01) than in the other species (20% positive sera and 29% positive feces in Korean water deer; 20% positive sera and 25% positive feces in Siberian roe deer). Our data indicate infection by L. intracellularis in Korean water deer, Siberian roe deer, and raccoon dogs throughout the country. It is imperative to know whether these infected animal species are natural hosts for L. intracellularis in addition to domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus).

© Wildlife Disease Association 2016
Md Mukter Hossain, Yeonsu Oh, and Ho-Seong Cho "PREVALENCE OF ANTIBODY TO AND DNA OF LAWSONIA INTRACELLULARIS IN SAMPLES FROM WILD ANIMALS IN KOREA," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 52(4), (1 October 2016). https://doi.org/10.7589/2015-08-209
Received: 13 August 2015; Accepted: 1 April 2016; Published: 1 October 2016
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