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1 January 2017 Toxoplasmatinae Parasites in Bats from Bahia State, Brazil
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Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum are widespread cyst-forming coccidian parasites of the subfamily Toxoplasmatinae that infect a wide range of wild and domestic animals. Whereas T. gondii is a zoonotic disease, N. caninum is restricted to nonhuman animals. Some chiropteran species can be infected by T. gondii and present fatal toxoplasmosis. In most cases, T. gondii–infected bats are believed to remain asymptomatic and to act as an infection source to other animals. It is not known whether N. caninum can infect bats. We determined infection rates of T. gondii and N. caninum in free-living bats in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Brain samples from 97 bats of seven species, captured in 2008–15, were analyzed by PCRs for T. gondii and N. caninum. Two of the 97 samples were positive for T. gondii DNA. None of the samples were positive for N. caninum DNA, suggesting that the bats were not susceptible to N. caninum infection or that its prevalence was very low.

© Wildlife Disease Association 2017
Rogério Fernando de Jesus, Gabriel Menezes Rodrigues, Evandro Moraes Silva, Aroldo José Borges Carneiro, Carlos Roberto Franke, Rogério de Magalhães Cunha, and Luís Fernando Pita Gondim "Toxoplasmatinae Parasites in Bats from Bahia State, Brazil," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 53(1), 144-147, (1 January 2017).
Received: 17 March 2016; Accepted: 1 August 2016; Published: 1 January 2017

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