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1 April 2017 Natural Infection of the South American Tapir ( Tapirus terrestris) by Theileria equi
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Abstract

Theileria equi is a tick-borne piroplasm considered endemic in equines in Brazil. The cohabitation of domestic and wild animals in areas of extensive cattle breeding favors the close contact between different species and the sharing of vectors and, consequently, pathogens. We report the natural infection of a young South American tapir (Tapirus terrestris) by T. equi in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Although it was not possible to associate the clinical and hematologic status of the animal with the infection by the protozoan parasite, our report represents an alert on the sharing of pathogens between domestic and wild animals.

© Wildlife Disease Association 2017
Received: 30 June 2016; Accepted: 1 November 2016; Published: 1 April 2017
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