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1 January 2018 RETROSPECTIVE SURVEY FOR PATHOGENS IN STRANDED MARINE MAMMALS IN NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL: BRUCELLA SPP. INFECTION IN A CLYMENE DOLPHIN (STENELLA CLYMENE)
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Abstract
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We surveyed 13 carcasses of marine mammals (12 Trichechus manatus and one Stenella clymene) that had stranded in northeastern Brazil during 1990–2013 for infectious diseases by screening tissues from the collection of the Brazilian National Center of Research and Conservation of Aquatic Mammal, Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. Brucella spp. and Mycobacterium spp. were investigated by culturing and PCR of tissue samples, whereas Sarcocystidae parasites, Leptospira spp., and Morbillivirus were surveyed for using specific PCR assays. Brucella spp. and Mycobacterium spp. were not isolated through microbiologic culturing, and all animals were negative for detection of Sarcocystidae parasites, Leptospira spp., Mycobacterium spp., and Morbillivirus by PCR assays. All manatees were negative for Brucella spp. infection, but Brucella ceti was detected in the brain tissue of an S. clymene calf by using a PCR assay.

© Wildlife Disease Association 2018
Fernanda L. N. Attademo, Jean C. R. Silva, Fábia O. Luna, Joana Ikeda, Ernesto F. C. Foppel, Gláucia P. Sousa, Augusto C. Bôaviagem-Freire, Rodrigo M. Soares, Thalita Faita, Maria C. A. Batinga, and Lara B. Keid "RETROSPECTIVE SURVEY FOR PATHOGENS IN STRANDED MARINE MAMMALS IN NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL: BRUCELLA SPP. INFECTION IN A CLYMENE DOLPHIN (STENELLA CLYMENE)," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 54(1), 151-155, (1 January 2018). https://doi.org/10.7589/2017-03-050
Received: 1 February 2017; Accepted: 14 August 2017; Published: 1 January 2018
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