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1 October 2004 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CHANGES IN BEECHNUT PRODUCTION AND ASIATIC BLACK BEARS IN NORTHERN JAPAN
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Abstract
Minimizing human-caused mortality by providing alternative solutions to human–bear conflicts is important for the conservation and management of Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) populations. We found a positive correlation (P < 0.05) between the number of nuisance bears killed and a beechnut (Fagus crenata) crop failure index in 5 of 7 zones in the Tohoku region of Japan. In areas where bears are highly dependent on beechnuts as food in autumn, we suggest that agencies could issue warnings about nuisance bears in years of crop failure using the current monitoring network of beechnut production. This system could be a valuable method not only to reduce human–bear conflicts but also to enhance public consciousness of bear conservation and management.
TERUKI OKA, SHINGO MIURA, TAKASHI MASAKI, WAJIRO SUZUKI, KATSUHIRO OSUMI and SHOICHI SAITOH "RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CHANGES IN BEECHNUT PRODUCTION AND ASIATIC BLACK BEARS IN NORTHERN JAPAN," Journal of Wildlife Management 68(4), (1 October 2004). https://doi.org/10.2193/0022-541X(2004)068[0979:RBCIBP]2.0.CO;2
Received: 13 March 2003; Accepted: 23 August 2004; Published: 1 October 2004
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