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1 March 2000 HEALTH EVALUATION OF ARCTIC FOX (ALOPEX LAGOPUS) CUBS IN SWEDEN
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Abstract

Hematologic, serum biochemistry, and serum cortisol reference ranges were established and tonsil/rectal bacterial and fecal parasite examinations were performed on 21 wild arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) cubs during July 1996. Several of the hematologic and serum biochemistry values fell within normal ranges for other wild canids or domestic dogs of the same age class. Serum alanine transaminase and creatine phosphokinase values were significantly higher in the youngest cubs. Proteus vulgaris and Escherichia coli were isolated from both tonsilar and rectal swabs of several cubs in all dens. The most common gastrointestinal parasite ova were Toxascaris leonina (59%), Isospora spp. (52%), Uncinaria stenocephala (33%), and Capillaria spp. (26%). Prevalence of T. leonina differed significantly between dens and between age groups. Hematologic and serum biochemistry values and degree of parasitism may be indicators of health, stress, and nutritional status of arctic foxes.

A. Alonso Aguirre, Anders Angerbjörn, Magnus Tannerfeldt, and Torsten Mörner "HEALTH EVALUATION OF ARCTIC FOX (ALOPEX LAGOPUS) CUBS IN SWEDEN," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 31(1), 36-40, (1 March 2000). https://doi.org/10.1638/1042-7260(2000)031[0036:HEOAFA]2.0.CO;2
Received: 1 June 1999; Published: 1 March 2000
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